The skin contains dendritic cells called melanocytes. These cells manufacture a complex pigmented substance called melanin which is responsible for natural skin colour. Hyperpigmentation is when an area of skin becomes abnormally darker in colour in comparison to the normal skin colour. When melanin is produced in excess it accumulates in the skin forming a deposit creating an area of hyperpigmentation. The condition is associated with several factors: UV exposure i.e. solarium and sun exposure, photosensitizing medication or herbal medications, hormonal imbalances / disorders or hemochromatosis.
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Hyperpigmentation does not pose any medical concern, however when pronounced it is considered unsightly. Melbourne Laser & Aesthetic Centre is a fully equipped laser clinic in the heart of Melbourne CBD that offers a wide range of Laser technologies. Through the use of specific pigment lasers and Q Switched laser technologies pigmentation is effectively treated. The laser beam absorbs into the pigment, destroying it. The treated pigment usually appears darker until the superficial pigments slough off over 5-7 days or until the deeper pigments fade as our immune cells remove the destroyed melanin over several weeks.
Treatment of Hyperpigmentation involves advanced laser and RF technologies such as pigment lasers, Q Switch laser treatment , RF fractional technology and Fractional laser resurfacing treatment each often in conjunction with lightening chemical peels, cosmeceutical products which may include lightening agents, vitamin A, C and Niacinamideand diligent use of an effective sunscreen. See online cosmeceutical products for more information.
Immediately post treatment the Hyperpigmentation will appear darker in colour, the Hyperpigmentation and area surrounding will feel warm and mildly inflamed. Redness and warmth subsides within a few hours of treatment. The colour of the Hyperpigmented area will continue to darken for several days. Micro-crusting of the area may occur, this is a normal and expected outcome which will self-resolve and generally flakes off within 7 days. Over the following weeks, the area will gradually lighten in colour with some areas of pigment removed.